China


 The East has an opportunity to lead , but failure to occupy the moral high ground will cost greatly.

Abstract:

An appropriate finale, perhaps to a calamitous campaign on democracy and human rights that did no justice to the people who had hoped that their leaders could turn things around. After 700 years of western dominance, the East has an opportunity to lead the world. It has been a long time coming; contrary to all the rhetoric that the Western countries’ fall will push this world into chaos. The West’s dominant power will be relegated in decades. Its dominant power is starting to collapse. China’s one-child policy coupled with manufacturing sector policies not only led to extraordinary savings. Chinese people are hard-working and dedicated. As a result, China has become the major leading lender and builder of infrastructure projects in the developing world. Extraordinary savings have empowered China to reach out to invest in various infrastructure projects all around the world. The prominence of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) cannot be overlooked nor underestimated. The Dragon’s gigantic reach across the world, linking entire continents, has opened vast opportunities for trade and infrastructure which will help the entire world to prosper. However, China’s inability to occupy the moral high ground will continue to drag the dragon backward. China must actively seek intellectuals to raise awareness of the western countries' duplicity. The Five Eyes is extremely sophisticated when it comes to occupying the moral high ground to dominate the world. I have seen it in my own personal life as a writer in Australia. China is very much lack of this particular strategy and losing its allies. The average young Chinese people hardly know anything about Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's struggles, Australia's war crimes, and Julian Assange's imprisonment as a journalist. Clearly, China has failed to enhance the knowledge of its people as well as in other parts of Asia. This makes it easier for the West to divide and conquer. 

China’s innovative economic strategy has been helping developing countries to move forward.

Over the past decade, China has become a major player in global investment and finance. This has been made possible due to strong backing from the Chinese government. China’s role in global finance has been increased by the establishment of the multilateral Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), and the Silk Road investment funds. Additionally, through the Belt and Road initiative, the Chinese government has renewed its support for outbound investment. These new initiatives focus heavily on infrastructure development in Southeast Asia; because of Southeast Asia’s economic and strategic importance and its geographical proximity to China (Inclusive Development International 2016). 

The Chines people are hard-working and dedicated; as a result, China has become a leading lender and builder of infrastructure projects in Africa. Extraordinary savings have empowered China to reach out to invest in various infrastructure projects in developing countries to create jobs, to eliminate poverty. Over the past decade, China has helped Africa with the Chinese people’s hard-earned money more than the Australian government has helped its Aboriginal people with the Aboriginal people’s own resources (Expenditure on Indigenous Affairs and Social Services in the Northern Territory).

In Africa, China has been investing in large-scale infrastructure projects on hydropower generation and railways. Notably, more than 35 African countries are engaging with China in infrastructure finance. The biggest recipients are Nigeria, Angola, Sudan, and Ethiopia. The finance is channeled primarily through the China Export-Import (Ex-Im) Bank and it has been unprecedented in scale (The World Bank 2017). China has been doubling or tripling its pledges through the Forum on China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC).  China pledged $5 billion to Africa in 2006, $10 billion in 2009, $20 billion in 2012, and $60 billion in 2015. It committed $35 billion as grants, zero-interest loans, concessional loans, and credit lines. On top of the pledges, the Chinese government has encouraged its companies to make at least $10 billion of investment in Africa in the next three years. In 2017, China’s foreign direct investment (FID) to Africa was $3.1 billion, some 2.5% of China’s global FID (Sun 2018).

The European Union and its eastern partners have also become involved with China’s ambitious economic project known as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), aiming to revive economic, cultural, and political exchanges along the ancient Silk Road. China has been one of the most important economic partners in Europe. Ukraine has become one of the main suppliers of grain to China. In terms of infrastructure projects, China has created an industrial park in Belarus and promised more infrastructure projects. China has also joined the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to increase its investment opportunities in Eastern Europe. Last year the land-based container traffic between Europe and China has increased to more than 30,000 containers, a remarkable achievement given that a few years ago only a few cargo trains operated on this route. It will continue to increase due to Chinese economic engagement and infrastructure projects in Central Asia (Makocki 2017).

China has been incorporating Latin America into its global Belt and Road Initiative; it has been investing heavily in infrastructure projects in Brazil, Chile, and Argentina. Over the past decade, China has loaned more than the US $140 billion to the region for infrastructure projects. Its largest trading partners are Brazil, Chile, and Peru (Evan Pheiffer 2018). The Chinese corporations are building dams and hydroelectric power plants in the Amazon and Patagonia. They are also laying thousands of kilometers of rail track to reduce freight transportation costs and connect populations in Brazil, Peru, and Venezuela. China is also financing a state-of-the-art nuclear energy plant in Argentina. As the most ambitious civil engineering project in recent decades, a Hong Kong-based billionaire has been granted approval to build a canal through Nicaragua connecting the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, to compete against the Panama Canal, as a transcontinental trade route (Armony and Peters 2018).

In terms of investment stock, Chinese investment in Latin America had surpassed $200 billion by the end of 2017. China has pledged to increase trade with Latin America by $500 billion and foreign investment to $250 billion by 2025. The China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China are providing more development finance to Latin America than the World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, and the Andean Development Corporation.  ‘In addition to bilateral loans, China also set up $35 billion in multilateral finance platforms for Latin America. The $20 billion China-LAC Industrial Cooperation Investment Fund and the $10 billion China-Latin America Infrastructure Fund are two new funding agencies established in 2015, and China pumped another $5 billion into the China-Latin America Cooperation fund that was set up in 2014’ (Gallagher 2018).

Chinese investment has significantly risen in South Asia since China’s Belt and Road Initiative began. Pakistan has received $65 billion under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor; the CPEC infrastructure projects link Pakistan’s port of Gwadar to China's western Xinjiang region. Bangladesh has received $27 billion in investments and grants from China. Nepal has received $16 billion (Mahendra Subed 2018). According to Nepal's Department of Industry (DoI), Nepal has received 87% of FDI from China’s pledges within the first 10 months (Xinhua 2018).  Sri Lanka has received the US $15 billion for Hambantota port, Mattala airport, Port City project, and other projects (Lim & Mukherjee 2018). The Port City project is China’s huge infrastructure project in Sri Lanka. It is the largest single foreign direct investment in the history of Sri Lanka - a $1.4 billion project by the Chinese engineering firm China Communications Construction Company (CCCC). A small ‘Singapore’ will be built on 665 acres (2.6 sq. km) of land being reclaimed from the Indian Ocean. The city will be located along key shipping routes across the Indian Ocean; notably, it had been a hub for trade for more than 2,000 years. China’s investment in South Asia has been the biggest game-changer in the 21st century. (Safi Michael 2018). Invasions to rule the world

The West had invaded other countries to gain resources to dominate the world.

Australia’s First Nations have occupied Australia for at least 60 000 years, and they had once lived under their own rules. In 1788 British occupation of Australia began. In 1889 the government resident’s reports on the Northern Territory stated 'after careful inquiry, I believe this is the attitude of the First Nations towards Europeans: Entrance into their country is an act of invasion. It is a declaration of war, and they will halt at no opportunity of attacking the white invaders.' Aboriginal people fought hard to defend their land; however, spears and boomerangs proved no match for gunfire. Thousands of Aboriginal people were brutally massacred; even more, died from introduced disease and sickness. Since the invasion of Australia, Aboriginal people have resisted the colonisation of their land. The settlers pushed Aboriginal people off the fertile lands into controlled settlements; and justified their actions by a belief of their superiority (Lee 1982).

North America was invaded by the West at the expense of innocent people. Professor Taiaiake Alfred is a Kahnawake Mohawk educator and writer and the founding director of the University of Victoria's indigenous governance programs in Canada. He argues celebrating 'America's 400th Birthday' ignores the genocide of the continent's native people. ‘It's hard for a native person to be anything but shocked and saddened to the core by the effrontery of it all. Jamestown 2007 is, in essence, a surreptitious celebration of the conquest of our homeland and the destruction of our people in the service of imperialism and the expansion of the white race. It marks the era that saw indigenous peoples ravaged by diseases introduced by European settlers (on average, our communities lost 75 percent of their populations) and the dispossession of our homelands by fraud and deceit - not a single treaty entered into by the English Crown or the US has been honoured by the whites.’ (Taiakake2007).

The West also invaded Iraq for oil. According to the Independent newspaper of London, Britain discussed plans to exploit Iraq’s oil reserves with some of the world’s biggest oil companies five months before it joined the United States by invading the country in 2003. Citing previously secret documents, the newspaper said at least five meetings were held between British officials and BP and Royal Dutch Shell in late 2002. BP privately said to the British Foreign Office that Iraq was 'more important than anything we’ve seen for a long time.' The documents were obtained by the oil campaigner Greg Muttitt, author of the new book ‘Fuel on the Fire: Oil and Politics in Occupied Iraq’. 'Mr. Blair famously said in early 2003, the idea that we’re interested in Iraq’s oil is absurd, it’s one of the most absurd conspiracy theories you can imagine.' While he was saying that there was an internal secret document revealing the British strategy to exploit Iraqi oil, and it said, 'Britain has an absolutely vital interest in Iraq’s oil’ (Muttitt 2011).

Creating terrorism to keep its dominant power.

Bin Laden was a product of the United States spy agencies, according to the book ‘Dollars for Terror: The United States and Islam’ by Richard Labévière. The United States and its Saudi allies have been sponsoring and financing the radical Islamists. The author uncovers the money-laundering, the organised crime, and the interlocking world of business and politics. According to the Washington Post, the United States funneled more than $2 billion in guns and money to the Mujaheddin. It was the largest covert action program since World War Two.

The United States deliberately turned Afghan and Pakistani youths into radicals. According to the Pakistani general Yousaf, who supervised the covert war, the US officials were ruthless in their approach, and they had a built-in hatred for the Soviets. The CIA operations officers helped Pakistani trainers establish schools for the Mujaheddin to train Afghan youths to handle guerrilla warfare, urban sabotage, and heavy weapons. Saudi Arabia agreed to match U.S. financial contributions to the Mujaheddin and distributed funds directly to ISIS. The Afghans themselves did the fighting and dying for the United States, and ultimately won the war against the Soviets in Afghanistan, the last battlefield of the long Cold War (Labévière 2000).

According to the Independent newspaper in the UK, wealthy officials from Qatar and Saudi Arabia have provided financial support to ISIS. It is noticeably clear, the Middle Eastern countries’ leaders will be removed as were the Iraqi and Libyan leaders, if they do not support the Western covert operations in the name of democracy, rule of law, or terrorism. India also follows the same tactics; In the 1980s Prime Minister Indira Gandhi took an active role and supported ruthless terrorism in Sri Lanka which lasted for more than three decades, and it became the longest and brutal civil war in Asia (Reuters 2008). India did not plan to support the terrorism in Sri Lanka for decades; obviously, India is not a wealthy country to continue to support Tamil armed groups.

However, the Sri Lankan terrorism was hijacked by the West to have a foothold in the Indian Ocean. The West indirectly supported the Tamil armed group through the Tamil diaspora. Eventually, the ruthless terrorism was eliminated in Sri Lanka with the help of China in 2009. India and the West reluctantly helped the Sri Lankan government to eliminate terrorism in Sri Lanka to reduce China’s influence in Sri Lanka. ‘The same year that Washington suspended arms sales, China provided Sri Lanka $37 million in ammunition and ordnance to aid Rajapaksa’s war against the Tamil Tigers. In 2008, it gave Sri Lanka six F-7 jet fighters, scores of anti-aircraft guns, and a JY-11 radar system’ (Smith 2016).

Failure to occupy the moral high ground will cost greatly

China’s inability to occupy the moral high ground will continue to drag the dragon backward. China must actively seek intellectuals to raise awareness of the western countries' duplicity. As a writer, I have been facing enormous setbacks in Australia. The Australian government deleted my citizenship and traumatised me as an illegal immigrant when I made awareness of the Aboriginal people’s hardship. Nobody could help me, including human rights lawyers. When I reached out to the international community, the government quietly reinstated my citizenship, without an explanation or apology. Twelve years have gone; still, justice has not prevailed. However, Australia never fails to talk about democracy and human rights to occupy the moral high ground to rule others. 

The Five Eyes is extremely sophisticated when it comes to occupying the moral high ground to dominate the world. I have seen it in my own personal life as a writer in Australia. China is very much lack of this particular strategy and losing its allies. The average young Chinese people hardly know anything about Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's struggles, Australia's war crimes, and Julian Assange's imprisonment as a journalist. Clearly, China has failed to enhance the knowledge of its people as well as in other parts of Asia. This makes it easier for the West to divide and conquer. The Asian leaders have chosen their own fate when they decide to ignore the hardships of Julian Assange, Edward Snowden, and me. 

Conclusion

China’s policies created extraordinary savings and lifted human dignity. China’s one-child policy coupled with manufacturing sector policies led to extraordinary savings which have empowered China to reach out and invest in various infrastructure projects all around the world. Those policies lifted the standard of human life. China did not allow its people to increase the population in the name of human rights or religious beliefs. Humanity loses its value when a country faces an uncontrollable population with limited resources. The leaders degrade humanity when children end up sleeping under the bridges, or at train and bus stations.

The West has tricked the developing countries in the name of democracy, human rights, and religious freedom. It indirectly encourages developing countries to increase the uncontrollable population by promoting democracy, human rights, and religious freedom. Notably, China did not fall to the West's tricks, but it has been making wise moves. China has been handling its population extremely well, it has been providing adequate knowledge and skills to its citizens to dominate the manufacturing sector. China’s policy is the solution for the rest of Asia, especially for South Asia. Eventually, South Asians will accept this bitter truth.

References

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